The theory knows two ways of running organizations:
1. professional way
2. amateur way.
The professional way of running an organization is based on knowledge to which, over time, experience is added.
The amateur approach is based solely on empiricism, on experience, and we call it the experiential way.
It is probably not necessary to elaborate further that the professional way is superior to the amateur one precisely because it is knowledge-based.
In the article last week, I wrote about the division of society into three sectors: public, private and the third sector, which we also call civil society. Unlike the public and private sectors, which know the ownership and management structure, the third sector has no ownership. Instead of the ownership structure, it knows the founding, and also, as well as the public and private sector – the management structure.
Public sector organizations are managed by a body or individual (depending on the type of organization), as required by law. In the private sector, the owner is a private person (or more of them) who decide for themselves who will run the organization. In the case of smaller entities, it is often the owner himself, and in the case of large corporations, these are bodies that sometimes do not even know the owner personally.
In both the public and private sectors, experts are engaged in the management structure according to pre-set criteria.
What about the third sector?
As I have already written, most of the entities that make up the third sector are associations. Their founders and members came together to protect common interests, and the time they set aside to participate in the work of the association is mostly their free time or leisure time1.
Smaller associations often do not have a professional person to lead the organization, but the members themselves do all the work that needs to be done for the association to function.
As can already be seen from the above, organizations in the public and private sectors are run in a professional manner, and associations can be run both professionally and amateurly.
If at all possible, a professional person who will know all aspects of running an organization should be hired for the daily functioning of the association. In this way, the association has greater opportunities to achieve better results.
But if the association does not have any possibilities for such engagement, it does not mean that it must remain in an experiential and lower quality way of leading.
Nowadays, there are many different (even free) programs for strengthening the capacity of human resources. With a good selection of the necessary trainings, even an experientially run organization can become professional over time through the knowledge of its own members. Ultimately, it is possible that a member, who proves to be a quality staff, in the future and professionally engages in running the organization. It should be emphasized that, in addition to free trainings, nowadays there are several different competitions for capacity building to which associations can apply and receive funds to educate their members.
In Croatian culture, the third sector has strengthened strongly in the last twenty years because it has made the most of the opportunity to educate, while the public sector, due to the specifics of the system, has lagged behind trends. Today in Croatian culture, due to the awareness of the third sector that it can survive only with education, we record a completely atypical phenomenon, which is that many cultural organizations in the public sector are headed by staff who do not have the necessary knowledge as many leaders in the third sector.
If your organization is one of those that are run experientially, look for a way in your environment today to further educate yourself and strengthen the organization in which you operate.
Free time is defined as time when work is not done in terms of providing a livelihood (workplace), but everything that needs to be done is being done: going shopping, taking the child to school, to activities, helping parents, going to friends, doctor, driving cars for registration, repair, procurement of fuel and the like.
Leisure is defined as time that a person consumes only for what he wants, for example, reading a book, playing games and the like. Leisure, then, is a matter of choice, not jobs that must be done outside of working hours. Sometimes some free time activities can overlap with leisure.